is an Italian town of 90 107 inhabitants, the capital of the homonymous province in Tuscany. It is the fifth most populated city in the region, while it represents the fourth largest city, among the provincial capitals. It is the main center of the Piana di Lucca.
Famous for its historical monuments, for the unique historical center in preserving structures from various ancient eras and above all for the intact sixteenth-century walls, it is a remarkable city of art in Italy. Officially of Roman origins, but on probable earlier settlements, Lucca, a city of merchants and weavers, maintained its autonomy as an independent state for several centuries until 1799 when the ancient Republic was supplanted, following the French conquest by Napoleonic troops , giving life to the Principality of Lucca and subsequently to the Bourbon Duchy of Lucca.